Christofle; An Historical Outline by patrick Today, mention of the name Christofle evokes both the elegance of a bygone era and the concept of innovative modern design. The story of this renowned firm dates from when the young Charles Christofle took the reins of his family’s small jewelry workshop in the Marais district of Paris. Plaque, Antoine Tard 19th Cent. Rosine Bouilhet-Christofle, Charles used his keen managerial skills to enlarge the enterprise and win commissions at home in France and from as far afield as Madagascar and South America. A business visionary, Charles made a brilliant strategic move came in when he negotiated a license giving him the French rights to the electroplating patents of George and Richard Elkington of Birmingham, England. This, along with the patents of the French chemist Count Henri de Ruolz, enabled Christofle, in , to build a technologically advanced manufacturing plant for plated goods. This step firmly embarked Christofle on its legendary course as manufacturing silversmiths. During the early years of the plant’s operation, the unplated metalwork was often made by other firms. To Christofle, quality was key and he soon began his own manufactory to create his own forms. By the early s, Charles added a line of solid silverware to complement the plated goods.
What you need to know about jewelry hallmarks
It began in when the British Transport Commission BTC announced the Modernisation Programme which outlined the BTC’s plan to replace old-fashioned steam power with modern diesel and electric traction. How many remember the book’s heady aroma of freshly printed ink? Ian Allan should’ve bottled it; they’d have made a fortune! Worse still, when it came to underlining the new diesels I had ‘copped’ on visits to Swindon, Derby and Crewe Works, they didn’t enter the equation because Ian Allan had published the new combined edition before the diesels were built.
London Assay Office Letters, as illustrated in “Hall Marks of Gold and Silver Plate”, by William Chaffers, Tenth Edition, London MAKER’S MARK In early times the maker’s mark was constituted by a symbol but from the 15th century the mark was formed by silversmith’s name and surname initials.
We have two aims: The association carries out its activity on the internet within this website http: Its objectives are to host articles supplied by members on matters of common interest, to report links to websites related to silver and its hallmarks and to devote some pages to illustrate the most interesting pieces owned by our members Photos and a brief description will be sufficient. The page will be created by our staff: Our invitation is addressed to all private collectors and keen lovers of antique silver.
Professional dealers may join the ASCAS as collectors or for private interest on antique silver, but our website has no link with commercial firms or advertising objectives. Membership is absolutely free, but the association reserves the right to evaluate the requests for admission of its members. The request may be submitted by addressing an e-mail to silverassociation yahoo.
London Date Letters
Home Dates London Date Letters Click on the letter you want to date or on a date letter cycle column in the table below to see a larger view scroll down for earlier dates: It has been in operation since the s when a law of Edward I required all silver sold in England to be of at least the same quality as the silver currency hence the term “sterling” for the silver standard.
Originally the assayer would visit the workshops of the gold- and silversmiths to perform the assay. If items passed they were authenticated with the King’s mark, a leopard’s head. By it was deemed more practical for items to be brought to Goldsmiths Hall for assay and a permanent assay office was established there. This is the origin of the term “hallmark”.
London, or silverplate can be noted that since visually identical uk hallmarks of marks information and. Laws dating to these british sterling silver did. Optional in british silver has been accepted as it didn’t follow a website.
Silver jewelry marks are the hallmarks found on silver jewelry to help identify the composition and source of the jewelry. Because Sterling Silver is For examples of American silver jewelry marks, see the first article in this series, Vintage Jewelry Marks: For American silver marks visit this page: American Silver Marks on www. Note that the database includes marks used on flatware and other silver items, so you may need to search a bit to locate the company you want.
The second letter of the signature represents the initial of the last name of the artisan, and the number following is the sequential number assigned to that artisan.
British Sterling Silver Hallmarks
Searching for elkington date letters gives this site as the first hit. I think you may find what. Dating with the lozenge starts with a K in and this is stamped with a C inside a lozenge.
A silver object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more silver hallmarks indicating the purity of the silver, the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith, and other optional markings to dating sterling silver hallmarks date of .
If your number is higher, but less than the number for the next year, then your item had it’s design registered during that year. In July the numbering sequence changed as indicated on the chart. The last number issued in July was and began again In August starting with number To give an example using the number above the chart, Rd means: Design of your item was registered during The Public Record office and the British Government tend to enforce these marks and registration numbers.
Dating Antique Silver Hallmarks
The list consists of designers and maker’s marks that have been difficult to find in reference materials so far. When information is found it will appear with credit given to the person who provided it. Thank you, in advance, for your assistance.
Hallmark date stamps on silver, gold, and platinum for the Offices of London, Birmingham, Sheffield, and Edinburgh from – London Dated Hallmarks from – Birmingham Dated Hallmarks from –
If jewelry has hallmarks and they appear authentic, identifying its value is a whole lot easier. But many countries — including the U. How does a budding collector begin to unravel this puzzle? Europe, 19th to 21st Centuries , due out in its second printing this month. Yes, especially in the U. Even in the U. As a result, there is nowhere to research the identity of a signature or mark.
Silver Hallmarks Guide
Having first identified the makers marks, place of origin and age of your items makes it easier to research them further. Likewise, appraising and evaluating your items by finding similar examples that have actually sold, helps you determine their worth and gives you a better understanding of current market conditions. In turn, this valuable information leads to better decisions when buying or selling and can prevent costly mistakes in paying too much or selling too low.
It also helps in describing or listing your items using the correct terms to attract more buyers.
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Distinguishment[ edit ] Hallmarks are often confused with “trademarks” or “maker’s marks”. A hallmark is not the mark of a manufacturer to distinguish his products from other manufacturers’ products: To be a true hallmark, it must be the guarantee of an independent body or authority that the contents are as marked. Thus, a stamp of ‘ ‘ by itself is not, strictly speaking, a hallmark, but is rather an unattested fineness mark. Prerequisites to hallmarking[ edit ] Many nations require, as a prerequisite to official hallmarking, that the maker or sponsor itself marks upon the item a responsibility mark and a claim of fineness.
Responsibility marks are also required in the U. Nevertheless, in nations with an official hallmarking scheme, the hallmark is only applied after the item has been assayed to determine that its purity conforms not only to the standards set down by the law but also with the maker’s claims as to metal content.
ChineseArgent: All Silver: Art, Antiques, Hallmark & Articles
Since the date letter has become optional and the other three symbols remain compulsory. Sterling Silver Quality In its pure state silver is a too soft to be practical for either coinage or domestic use. During the Saxon period in England the percentage of silver in coinage was fixed at This alloy provided good strength and colour while retaining a high intrinsic value and remains the composition of sterling silver today.
Hallmarks on British & Irish Silver To date your silver from its hallmark first identify the assay office (e.g. anchor for Birmingham, leopard’s head for London, etc.). Then click on the appropriate link below to go to the tables of date letters.
They can also tell you when a piece was hallmarked. Consists of a series of marks applied to articles of the precious metals platinum, gold, palladium and silver Means that the article has been independently tested Guarantees that it conforms to all legal standards of purity fineness Guarantees provenance by telling us, as a minimum legal requirement, where the piece was hallmarked, what the article is made from, and who sent the article for hallmarking.
Who The sponsors’ mark indicates either the manufacturer or person who sent the article for hallmarking. Most sponsors’ marks take the form of initials surrounded by a shield design — this is important, as many different sponsors may have the same initials. Make sure your marks match the official UK hallmarks. Example sponsors’ marks in differing shield shapes Historic date letters Townmark – this style leopard appeared – Where The most important point in identifying UK hallmarks is to find the assay town mark.
This tells you where the object was hallmarked. There are four assay offices still in operation in the UK: London, Birmingham, Edinburgh and Sheffield. When The date letter, if present, should be compared to published tables of that assay office. It is a letter surrounded by a varying shield shape. Prior to the date letter varied for each assay office before each office adopted the same lettering system. Since the date letter has been a voluntary mark and therefore will not always be present.